Before you can configure
the DNS service, you must install it on the server. DNS is not installed by
default during the installation of Windows 2000 Server or Windows 2000 Advanced
Server. You can install DNS during or after the installation.
To Install the DNS Service on an Existing Server
1.) Click Start | Settings | Control Panel.
2.) Double-click Add/Remove Programs, and then click Add/Remove Windows Components.
3.) In the Windows Components Wizard, in the Components list, click Networking Services, and then click Details.
4.) In the Networking Services dialog box, select the Domain Name System (DNS) check box if it is not already selected, and then click OK.
5.) In the Windows Components Wizard, click NEXT to start Windows 2000 Setup. Insert the Windows 2000 CD-ROM into the CD-ROM when prompted. The wizard will copy the DNS server and tool files to the server.
6.) When Setup is completed, click Finish.
To Install the DNS Service during Windows 2000 Installation
To install the DNS service
during the initial installation of Windows 2000 Server or Windows 2000 Advanced
Server, follow steps 3 and 4 above when you are prompted to install and
configure Windows components.
To function properly, a
DNS server requires a forward lookup zone for its local domain to host the
locator records. A forward lookup zone contains information that is required to
resolve names in the DNS domain. You will need to configure a reverse lookup
zone that enables users to determine the name of a local resource based on its
IP address. In addition, to keep the administration of your DNS service as
simple as possible, you should configure these zones to accept dynamic updates.
After you have installed the DNS service, use the Configure DNS Server Wizard to configure the DNS service.
To Configure the DNS Service
1.) Click Start | Programs | Administrative Tools | DNS to start the DNS Management console.
2.) In the navigation pane, right-click the DNS server icon, and then click Configure to start the Configure DNS Server Wizard. In the Wizard, click NEXT.
NOTE: If the server on which DNS is installed is already configured to use a DNS server, the wizard queries for the root servers. If it finds these root servers, the wizard primes the root hints with the names of the root DNS servers. If the wizard is unable to find any root servers, it creates a root zone on the DNS server, thereby making it a root server.
3.) Click YES, create a forward lookup zone, and then click NEXT.
Notice that you have 3 choices: Primary, Secondary and Active Directory-Integrated.
a.) Click Standard primary to configure this server as a primary DNS server (a primary DNS server stores a master copy of the new zone in a text file).
b.) Click Standard secondary to configure this server as a secondary DNS server (a secondary DNS server creates a copy of an existing zone. Used for load balancing and provides fault tolerance).
c.) Click Active Directory-integrated to set as a AD-integrated DNS server (an AD-integrated server stores the zone in Active Directory).
4.) Select AD-integrated and then click NEXT. Type the fully qualified domain name (FQDN) of the new zone, and then click NEXT.
5.) Click YES, create a reverse lookup zone, and then click NEXT. Click Active Directory-integrated to create the reverse lookup zone, and then click NEXT. In the Network ID box, type the first three octets of the DNS server's IP address in reverse. For example, if the server's IP address is 184.108.40.206, type 20.97.129. Click Finish.
Creation of Dynamic Updates for Lookup Zones:
7.) On the General tab, click Allow dynamic updates, and then click OK.
8.) Do the same with the NEXUS domain and the Reverse Lookup Zones.
DNS Forwarding and Root Hints
9.) In the navigation pane, expand DNS server. Right-click the server icon, then click Properties.
10.) Click on Forwarders Tab.
11.) Click on Enable Forwarders dialog box if it is not already checked.
12.) Type in the IP addresses of DNS servers that will help resolve DNS queries not answered by this server. (e.g. 129.97.128.l00 and 220.127.116.11)
13.) Click on Do Not Use Recursion dialog box.
NOTE: Enabling Do Not Use Recursion dialog box sets the DNS server to become a slave forwarder. (After checking its authoritative zone and cache, it forwards to the DNS root. The DNS server does not perform a final resolution when resolving a query.)
14.) Click on Root Hints.
15.) Delete all Root Hints server names.
16.) Click Add, type ns1.uwaterloo.ca in the server name dialog box, then resolve. Click OK.
17.) Click Add, type ns2.uwaterloo.ca in the server name dialog box, then resolve. Click OK.
Last updated: Wed April 03 14:38:41 EDT 2002 by Hon